World’s population will hit EIGHT BILLION on November 15, with India set to surpass China

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The world’s population is set to hit eight billion by November 15 this year, a United Nations report has revealed.

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The study for World Population Day revealed that the pace of mortality slowing means the world’s population will reach eight billion in just over four months time, 8.5 billion by 2030 and 10.4 billion by 2100.

Population growth was growing at its slowest pace since 1950, having fallen below 1 percent in 2020, UN estimates showed.

The world's population is set to hit eight billion by November 15 this year, a United Nations report for World Population Day has revealed

The world's population is set to hit eight billion by November 15 this year, a United Nations report for World Population Day has revealed

The world’s population is set to hit eight billion by November 15 this year, a United Nations report for World Population Day has revealed

India will surpass China as the world’s most populous country in 2023, with each counting more than 1.4 billion residents this year – but the UN has warned that high fertility would challenge economic growth.

India’s population was 1.21 billion in 2011, according to the domestic census, which is conducted once a decade. The government had postponed the 2021 census due to the Covid-19 pandemic.

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The UK has a current population of 68.5 million in 2022, with an average annual rate of population change of 0.4 percent compared to India’s 0.9.

In 2021, the average fertility of the world’s population stood at 2.3 births per woman over a lifetime, having fallen from about 5 births in 1950.

Global fertility is projected to decline further to 2.1 births per woman by 2050.

‘This is an occasion to celebrate our diversity, recognize our common humanity, and marvel at advancements in health that have extended lifespans and dramatically reduced maternal and child mortality rates,’ UN Secretary-General António Guterres said in a statement.

The UK has a current population of 68.5 million in 2022, with an average annual rate of population change of 0.4 percent compared to India's 0.9

The UK has a current population of 68.5 million in 2022, with an average annual rate of population change of 0.4 percent compared to India's 0.9

The UK has a current population of 68.5 million in 2022, with an average annual rate of population change of 0.4 percent compared to India’s 0.9

But a growing population was a reminder of a shared responsibility of caring for the planet and to ‘reflect on where we still fall short of our commitments to one another,’ he added.

Referring to an earlier World Health Organization report which estimated about 14.9 million deaths related to the Covid-19 pandemic between January 2020 and December 2021, the UN report said global life expectancy at birth fell to 71 years in 2021 from 72.8 years in 2019, mostly due to Covid.

The United Nations said more than half of the projected increase in the global population up to 2050 will be concentrated in eight countries – Congo, Egypt, Ethiopia, India, Nigeria, Pakistan, the Philippines and the United Republic of Tanzania.

Countries of sub-Saharan Africa are expected to contribute more than half of the increase anticipated through 2050.

However, the population of 61 countries is projected to decrease by 1 percent or more between 2022 and 2050, driven by a fall in fertility.

Other key findings in the report included that it took around 12 years for the population to grow from seven to eight billion, which was approximately the same time as it was from six to seven billion.

The next billion is expected to take approximately 14.5 years, by 2037.

Half of the eighth billion added to the world population was a result of Asia’s demographic expansion. Africa made the second largest contribution with almost 400 million).

Ten countries contributed to more than half of population growth leading from the seventh to the eighth billion. India was by far the largest contributor, followed by China and Nigeria. Africa and Asia will drive population growth until the 9th billion is achieved in 2037.

Today, two-thirds of the global population lives in a country or area where lifetime fertility is below 2.1 births per woman (also known as replacement fertility).

Global life expectancy at birth reached 72.8 years in 2019, an improvement of almost nine years since 1990.

But in 2021, life expectancy for the least developed countries lagged seven years behind the global average. In many developing countries, the share of the population at working ages (between 25 and 64 years) has been increasing.

European Union’s population shrinks for a second year running

The European Union’s population shrank for a second year running last year, the bloc’s statistics office said on Monday, as the region reeled from over two million deaths from the coronavirus.

According to Eurostat, the population of the 27 countries that make up the bloc fell by close to 172,000 from the previous year and over 656,000 from January 2020.

‘In 2020 and 2021 the positive net migration no longer compensated for the negative natural change in the EU and, as a consequence, the EU total population has been decreasing,’ he said, pointing to the impacts from the pandemic.

The number of deaths began outstripping births in the EU a decade ago, but immigration from outside the bloc helped offset the gap until the first year of the pandemic.

The European Union's population shrank for a second year running last year, the bloc's statistics office said on Monday

The European Union's population shrank for a second year running last year, the bloc's statistics office said on Monday

The European Union’s population shrank for a second year running last year, the bloc’s statistics office said on Monday

The previous time the EU had registered a fall in population was in 2011 – the only other time since 1960 – but this quickly picked up due to net migration.

Eurostat said deaths should continue to outstrip births in the coming years given the pandemic, an aging population and relatively low fertility rates.

“Should this be the case, the EU’s overall population decline or growth in the future is likely to depend largely on the contribution made by net migration,” the report said.

More than half of the EU member states saw their populations increase, with France leading, then the Netherlands and Sweden.

Italy, Poland and Romania recorded the largest population falls in the EU.

Eurostat counted 446.8 million people living inside the EU by January 2022.

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